Located near the center of the Northern Great Plains in South Dakota, the Badlands got their name from the Lakota Sioux Tribe of Native Americans who live in the region yet today. They called it Mako Sica, which translates simply into “land bad.” Extreme temperatures, lack of water and exposed, rugged terrain led to the name. During the early 1900s, French-Canadian fur trappers called the Badlands “les mauvais terres pour traverse,” or “bad lands to travel through.” You get the idea…
Today, the terrain of Badlands National Park has changed little from those early years. Stark, rugged geologic deposits contain one of the world’s richest fossil beds, attracting more than one million visitors annually. Ancient mammals such as rhino, horse and saber-toothed cat once roamed here. The park’s 244,000 acres also protect an expanse of mixed-grass prairie—the largest in the U.S.—where bison, bighorn sheep and prairie dogs roam. Black-footed ferrets, the most endangered land mammal in North America and a predator of prairie dogs, were reintroduced to the Badlands late in the 20th Century.
There is much to see and do at Badlands National Park, but if you have only a short time to spend, begin your visit at the Ben Reifel Visitor Center near park headquarters. While there, pick up a park map, watch the award-winning park video and tour the exhibits. Next, drive the Highway 240 Loop Road, which takes about an hour. Then make a half-hour side trip along Sage Creek Rim Road to Robert’s Prairie Dog Town. There you’ll see not only perky prairie dogs scurrying around, but likely other Western wildlife as well (maybe even bison), and you’ll enjoy spectacular views of the landscape as you drive.
If you’d like to do some hiking during your visit, plan on spending a full day or two. For overnight stays, Cedar Pass Lodge (open seasonally) provides the only lodging and restaurant within the park. Notch Trail is a 1.5-mile moderate-to-strenuous hike. For a longer but more moderate walk, any section of the Castle Trail is a good choice.
And while you’re hiking, keep your eyes open. The following anecdote highlights the fact that fossil discoveries are continually turning up at Badlands. During the summer of 2010, while participating in a junior ranger program, a seven-year-old girl (Kylie Ferguson) noticed something unusual eroding out of the side of a butte. She thought it might be a fossil, so she reported it to a park ranger. The find turned out to be a beautifully preserved saber-tooth cat skull! Paleontologists identified the skull as belonging to a mountain lion-sized saber-tooth cat. A CT scan revealed several fatal bite marks to the back of the cat’s skull, likely caused by another saber-tooth cat.
“Badlands” habitat, in general, is described as a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks andclay-rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water, often revealing spectacular colors. In all of North America, there is no better example of this unique type of environment than Badlands National Park. To see for yourself, begin planning your visit at https://www.nps.gov/badl/index.htm.
And while in the area, don’t miss Mount Rushmore, Crazy Horse Memorial, Wind Cave National Park and Custer State Park. All are within about a two-hour’s drive west of Badlands National Park, just south of Rapid City, South Dakota.